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New Classification Algorithm for Electromyography-Based Computer Cursor Control System

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"New Classification Algorithm for Electromyography-Based Computer Cursor Control System", (2005)
Craig Chin, Armando barreto, Jing Zhai and Chao Li

ABSTRACT: At present, a three-input Electromyography (EMG) system has been created to provide real-time, hands-free cursor control. The system uses the real-time spectral analysis of three EMG signals to produce the following five cursor actions: i) LEFT, ii) RIGHT, iii) UP, iv) DOWN, v) LEFT-CLICK. The three EMG signals are obtained from two surface electrodes placed on the left and right temples of the head and one electrode placed in the forehead region. The present system for translating EMG activity into cursor actions does not always discriminate between up and down EMG activity efficiently. To resolve this problem it was proposed that the three-electrode system be converted into a four-electrode system, using two electrodes in the forehead of the user, instead of one. This paper compares the effectiveness of the four-electrode system to that of the three-electrode system in classifying EMG activity into cursor actions through the use of Matlab simulations. It will be shown that the new four-electrode system produces significant improvements in classification performance.