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Relating Induced Changes in EEG Signals to Orientation of Visual Stimuli Using The ESI-256 Machine

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"Relating Induced Changes in EEG Signals to Orientation of Visual Stimuli Using The ESI-256 Machine", (2000)
Erika Suarez, Maria Daniela Viegas, Malek Adjouadi , and Barreto, A. B.

ABSTRACT: The focus of this study is to investigate the relations that exist between changes in the orientation of simple visual stimuli displayed to a subject and the induced changes in brain activity recorded as EEG signals. These signals are recorded using the Electric Source Imaging system with 256 electrodes (ESI-256). The 256-channel EEG signals of four subjects were measured monopolarly. Each subject was stimulated visually for approximately 7.5 minutes. The stimuli consisted of a series of 300 images depicting four basic orientations (horizontal, vertical, +45 degrees, -45 degrees) shown a total of 75 times in a random order. The notion of missing information under certain orientations is not addressed at this juncture. The EEG signals produced by each subject were recorded in a continuous mode, using a sampling rate of 1 KHz. Pre-processing of the raw EEG data obtained consisted of epoching, exclusion of faulty electrodes, and reduction of electro-oculogram (EOG) noise due to eye blinks. Topographical maps displaying brain activities and their individual electrode recordings are used as two different means for assessing these changes. It is important to note that the simplicity of the visual stimuli was considered in view of the massive data collected for interpretation. Our goal is to observe and determine new measures that would allow for the quantification and interpretation of such EEG brain activities. Such findings might prove useful for the later use of more complex stimuli and the potential development of size and orientation independent algorithms in image processing.